The ten years since the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China have been another golden decade of rapid development in my country's energy sector. In the past ten years, my country’s total energy volume has maintained a rapid growth trend. Under the unfavorable circumstances of the global economic situation, the country has experienced special natural disasters such as rain, snow and freezing, Wenchuan earthquake, etc., my country’s coal-fired oil and gas production The growth rate has surpassed the GDP growth rate, which has well ensured the rapid development of the national economy and basically met the needs of the people.
What's more gratifying is that while maintaining rapid growth in my country's energy sector, it has also greatly improved the quality of growth, achieved scientific and sustainable development, and significantly improved the international competitiveness of the entire industry.
First of all, leading companies are not only bigger but also stronger. For example, PetroChina and Sinopec both entered the top 10 in the world's top 500 rankings, from the 81st and 86th in 2002 to the sixth and fifth in 2012 respectively. The international competitiveness of the two major oil giants has also achieved unprecedented improvement. In 2011, PetroChina’s overseas oil and gas production exceeded 100 million tons for the first time, and its equity production reached 50 million tons, achieving the grand goal of building an overseas Daqing. In 2011 and the first half of this year alone, Sinopec completed overseas cooperation projects to acquire equity in nearly ten subsidiaries of multinational companies such as ConocoPhillips and Shell, with overseas assets exceeding 1/3 of its total assets.
It is not only oil companies that are becoming bigger and stronger in the energy sector, nor is it only central enterprises and state-owned enterprises. A number of private enterprises in the energy sector have gradually grown in the past ten years. They have not only emerged in the domestic energy market, but also The tentacles of competition have reached overseas. For example, ENN Group, which was successfully listed in Hong Kong ten years ago, has not only gone overseas with its products and capital, but also exported its core technology independently developed overseas and even to the United States. This was unimaginable ten years ago.
Secondly, in the past ten years, driven by a large number of key projects such as the UHV construction project, the West-East Gas Pipeline Project and the mega-kilowatt ultra-supercritical unit, my country's independent innovation in the field of energy science and technology has accelerated significantly, and the strength of energy equipment manufacturing has been significantly improved. .
For example, since there is no precedent in the world for the construction of UHV projects, which are widely concerned by public opinion, the construction of projects directly promotes independent innovation in the field of power grids. Through the joint research of industry, university, research and application, my country has made major breakthroughs in UHV theoretical innovation, technical research, and engineering practice, forming a world-leading experimental research system with complete functions. Moreover, through the construction and operation of pilot demonstration projects, my country has now fully grasped the operation control technology of large power grids, which has enabled my country's power grid technology to achieve leapfrog development. In addition, the world-famous West-East Gas Pipeline Project provides opportunities for technological advancement and product upgrades in various fields such as my country’s steel, electronics, metallurgy, and materials. The construction of mega-kilowatt ultra-supercritical units by groups such as Huaneng and Huadian , Which greatly improved the equipment manufacturing level of my country's thermal power unit and shortened the gap with foreign counterparts.
The continuous optimization of energy structure and the emergence of new energy are another major feature of energy development in the past decade.
In the past ten years, on the one hand, the rapid development of the national economy has led to a continuous strong demand for energy in our country. On the other hand, the traditional extensive development model has made the pressure of energy conservation and emission reduction increasingly prominent. Therefore, optimizing the energy structure and vigorously developing clean energy have become a major issue for energy development.
Fortunately, in the past ten years, especially the last five years, my country’s energy sector has taken the development of clean energy and new energy as the leader, and has achieved remarkable results in scientific and sustainable development, and has contributed to the sound and rapid development of the national economy. Made a major contribution.
A major sign of the continuous optimization of the energy structure is that the proportion of clean energy is increasing year by year. The development of clean energy and new energy such as hydropower, wind power, solar energy and biomass energy, the clean and efficient use of coal as a traditional energy source, and the increasing application of clean, efficient and convenient natural gas, etc., have all become new The new bright spot of the energy structure adjustment during the period, and the continuous optimization of the energy structure, has also made considerable contributions to the improvement of my country's environmental protection and people's living standards.
Among them, the most representative one is the construction of wind power, which is an important symbol of new energy. Ten years ago, my country’s installed wind power capacity was only more than 400,000 kilowatts. At present, my country’s grid-connected wind power installed capacity has reached 52 million kilowatts, ranking first in the world. Powerful wind power. Nowadays, in my country's total power generation, the proportion of clean energy such as hydropower and wind power is close to 30%.
Ten years is just a moment in history. However, the tremendous achievements my country has made in the energy field in the past decade will surely become valuable material and spiritual wealth, and the future of China's energy industry will definitely be even better.