The China Enterprise Club Green Company Annual Meeting was held in Wuhan from April 21st to 23rd. Zhou Dadi, director of the Energy Research Institute and vice chairman of the China Energy Research Society, was on the TV forum on the evening of April 21st "I Believe—New Reality" “Under the soft power” pointed out that the first thing to do is to develop new energy. Now a slight increase in electricity prices and a slight increase in oil prices will make everyone unhappy. If the economic conditions for new energy are not given, how can it be done? Everyone has to pay a price for a long time.
The following is a text record.
Zhou Dadi: Today we are holding the annual meeting of the Green Company, but the Green Company not only represents its environmental performance, but more importantly, the responsibilities it faces in the process of urbanization, industrialization and urbanization. After I arrived at the conference today, I saw a lot of materials. What is green? Under the current circumstances, the current entrepreneurs are more concerned about the development space and the further development of reform and opening up. Therefore, I have also made some adjustments. I hope to release my PPT. The organizers of the conference gave me three questions. The first one is the impact. At the same time, there are some specific problems. In fact, green companies do not necessarily have to engage in new energy. A large number of companies are not engaged in new energy, so I also want to help China Enterprises strive for more space and talk about my views.
Nowadays, Chinese companies are facing many challenges, and some entrepreneurs believe that real companies face great risks, so many of them are engaged in finance. Just now someone said that they are simultaneously engaged in marketization and financialization. More challenges are different. Internationally Discussions after the design are also diverse, including among American presidential candidates, who are also discussing economic theory. I think if we want to further develop more space now, we must first solve our environmental constraints, whether the economy has potential, and whether our further development can follow the previous development path and cut back and forth in a cake, our cake Can it be bigger? The second is that our current labor costs have increased. The cost of raw materials for companies is expensive. One is that labor costs are high; and the average profit rate is said to be about 5% of the sales rate. Everyone thinks what if a bank only has a 5% profit margin? So how big the economy of the domestic market can be, I think this is a very important question. But when we look back, China’s production capacity is huge. Basically, our share in the world is more than half of various end products. Last year, the number of automobiles was 18 million. This proportion is very high. China’s manufacturing industry comes from end products. Look, especially the general commodities far exceed the needs of the Chinese themselves.
Second, the profit margin of exports is very large. The export products accounted for 50%, 60%, 70%, and 80% in 2012, and it is still breaking through. The raw material industry is also a very staggering number. Everyone has more than half of the production capacity from steel, cement, aluminum, copper, fertilizer and other fibers. For example, more than 60% of the world’s cement is made in China. In this case, how can we To increase the input-output rate, we use more than 20% of the world’s energy, one-third of the raw materials, produce nearly half of the products, produce nearly half of the infrastructure and houses, use the largest blue-collar workers, and get 10 % Of GDP, I think the issue of reform is first of all how to make the cake a big issue, rather than a question of who divides the same cake. In the face of the dilemma of China that what to buy is expensive and what to sell is cheap, and our investment rate is close to 50%, of course the consumption rate is relatively added up. So in this case, all parties want to divide the existing national income a little bit more. The enterprise thinks it should divide a little bit more, the investors should get a little bit more, and the workers think that the wages are too low to bear, and the national tax cannot be reduced. It is impossible to increase production capacity. Nearly half of the world's production capacity is in China. It is a good way for you to expand production capacity.
My idea is to change the pattern of Chinese characteristics and the status quo in China. Financial products, services and commodities, especially the monopoly of brands, culture, health, and service industries account for an excessively high share. Of course, culture and education have just kept up with China; resources Products, energy and minerals have also increased their value ratios, especially since we have been using market-oriented countermeasures recently, our market-oriented capabilities have been too high, and we have lost sales. So what to do, we must speed up new green approaches, and use Chinese-style green innovation to form our knowledge products and brand series. Now that we are following the idea of catching up with others in developed countries, it is impossible to get back high-end products and labor. Many of our products have been cooperating with others for a long time, such as traditional cars. China will not be able to win others in 20 years, so in the domestic market Most of the things we look down on are being lost. From non-staple food to milk, etc., people are better than China. In this case, we must build a green consumer market, a green production market, green transportation, and services. System and green services, such as China's high-speed rail, but only China's high-speed rail market can promote our Chinese railway high-speed products, and it is now world-class.
So we are working on the idea of green consciousness. If we don’t have our own cultural innovation and our own requirements, we will put 1.3 billion people aside and compare ourselves with others. For example, listening to IPAD, we are always struggling for labor with low-end products. Down. This is the first topic I just mentioned. Finally, I will answer the first question, the question of high oil prices. Oil prices are now imported every day, and China spends about US$1.8 billion every day. The high oil price first gives coal vitality. Energy is also a very important reason. Of course, energy saving and new energy methods can also encourage the role of solar energy. They are the mainstream. This Is a problem.
The development of new energy is open to the government. The first government really wants to develop new energy. First of all, it must start new energy. Now a little increase in electricity prices and a little increase in oil prices, everyone is not happy. If the economic conditions for new energy are not given, how can it be? If we really want to engage in new energy, we will have to pay a price for a long time. Under certain conditions, we have to pay more for new energy. This market has it. Of course, on the other hand, it breaks unreasonable market barriers. For example, our distributed power is very weak. There is no way to explore this aspect.
Problems in the aviation industry. We are opposed to unilateral aviation charges. Aviation is a high monopoly, and China is in place in one step. We need to develop our own new technologies, high-tech products, etc. This shows that we do not seize the green and low-carbon market. If you go slow, the market will be taken away by others, so our companies should discuss together to make the cake bigger first. Thank you everyone.